An extraction is where a damaged or decayed tooth is removed under anaesthetic.
A tooth may need to be extracted if it has become too decayed or has been damaged too extensively for the dentist to be able to restore it.
In order to extract the tooth the dentist will numb the area using a local anaesthetic. This will mean that you will not feel any pain when the tooth is extracted. The dentist will then use forceps to grasp the tooth and remove it.
Following the extraction the socket may feel sore for a few days and it is advisable to take paracetamol if you able to.
It is necessary to ensure that your dentist is aware of all your medical history prior to treatment as there a number of medications that can affect blood clotting and this is especially important if a tooth needs to be removed.
For example if you are on warfarin this thins the blood and prevents clotting. Prior to an extraction the dentist will ask that you have your INR level checked to ensure that it is safe for the procedure to go ahead. They are also likely to liaise with your doctor to ensure the most optimum treatment plan.
There are also some medications that mean that the extraction would need to be carried out in hospital. This ensures that the appropriate support is on hand should it be needed during or after the extraction. Your doctor should have made you aware if you a taking such a medication to inform your dentist.